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Wing exercise validates combat rescue sustainment functions

  • Published
  • By Lt. Col. Ian Phillips, 920th Rescue Wing Public Affairs
  • 920th Rescue Wing

More than 140 sustainment and operations Airmen from the 920th Rescue Wing established a temporary contingency location (TCL) in less than 24 hours here Aug. 1-10, 2022 to conduct the wing’s Distant Horizon exercise, which validated the multi-capable sustainment abilities of a Personnel Recovery Task Force (PRTF) in the jungle environments of the Indo-Pacific region.

In less than one day Airmen from every group in the wing were transported over 4,700 miles to the remote island location that is part of the U.S. Army Garrison - Pohakuloa Training Area; loaded more than 130,000 pounds of aircraft, weapons, and equipment; and established a self-sustained encampment for a PRTF-Medium.

From the TCL a group of sustainment, maintenance, and operations Airmen pushed forward and established two separate initial contingency locations (ICL) at geographically separated locations on another island where sites were established to support contingency activities. Using the wing’s organic intra-theater airlift, the team pushed advanced forces to four different geographically separated locations on multiple islands that covered over 200 square miles.

“When war occurs, the catalyst for battlespace success is our non-commissioned officer’s and company-grade officer’s ability to lead well in chaos. We conduct these exercises to test our wing leaders and maintain focus on the inevitables of war; which are you will never have all the information, necessary resources, adequate manpower, nor enough money yet, fight you must,” said Col. John Dobbin, 920th Rescue Wing commander.

The PRTF structure distributes forces in light; medium; and heavy configurations that are able to maneuver and sustain organically throughout all operating environments. In lockstep with the Air Force’s Agile Combat Employment applications, the new PRTF structure utilizes multicapable Airmen from across the wing to provide both offensive and defensive capabilities during personnel recovery, contingency location establishment, and intra-theater airlift operations. The PRTF-Medium supported in this exercise is composed of four Guardian Angel teams, four HH-60Gs, two HC-130Js, and a contingent of special mission personnel.

Three of the wing’s HC-130Js provided strategic airlift into theater teaming with a C-5 Super Galaxy from the 512th Airlift Wing, Dover Air Force Base, Delaware and a C-17 Globemaster III from the 446th Airlift Wing, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington for additional support. The wing’s HC-130s, plus two of the wing’s HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopters, also provided all of the intra-theater airlift requirements between the ICL and TCL locations.

The lynchpin of the exercise was the sustainment team, made up of Airmen from the 920th Mission Support Group, where the logistics readiness squadron maneuvered 130 tons of cargo across multiple islands and four geographically separated locations while using organic airlift. They delivered over 1,800 gallons of water and 500 gallons of fuel to sustain the TCL over eight days for more than 140 personnel. The force support squadron developed a new accountability system to track the position of all friendly forces and served 984 meals over six days from the Single Pallet Expeditionary Kitchen. The security forces squadron provided ICL and TCL defense to ensure all personnel and equipment were safeguarded 24/7 throughout the duration of the exercise. The communication squadron provided over-the-air reach back capability through multiple high and low tech systems where friendly forces mission-tracked forward operations while maintaining higher headquarters connectivity.

“These Airmen traveled 4,700 miles and found out what is required of them when they are pulled forward into a TCL or ICL in a combat environment. They stepped up to provide the four key elements for our forward deployed operations: food, ammo, fuel, and water. When we provide these for the PRTF, forward deployed operations don’t have to return to a rear location to resupply. They can continue the mission, which will save time and lives,” said Maj. Traci Arnold, exercise and task force commander.

There were three primary areas of training on the ground that included jungle survival, base defense tactics, and medical response to a traumatic event with additional training in the use of radios, repositioning the camp for a hasty exfiltration, and other group leadership challenges.

Airmen moved beyond their air force specialty codes while receiving specific training to support combat rescue operations. Security Forces provided training on foot patrols, troop movements with contact to fire, reconnaissance, personnel detainment/search/interrogation, weapons handling, radio emission control discipline, and TCL security. Medical personnel conducted training on Tactical Combat Casualty Care and patient movement and loading. They also trained on jungle survival techniques from survival, evasion, resistance, and escape (SERE) specialists where they learned Indo-Pacific focused skills.

This year the team built on knowledge from previous year’s operations. Going to extremes in climate and environment, they endured temperature swings from the mid-40s at night at 6,200 feet to jungle humidity and temperatures. They tested the resilience of their sustainment operations to support multiple geographically-separated, forward-deployed forces utilizing their task force aircraft as intra-theater airlift.

“We validated the capability to organically support our operational forces and to move cargo and personnel daily to and from an ICL. Each Airman is critical to the success of this mission and their AFSC does not matter. They are warfighters first,” said Arnold.

Distant Horizon is an annual exercise that, combined with the annual Fury Horizon exercise, prepares the wing’s PRTFs for global, untethered access, war, contingency, humanitarian, and in extremis operations around the world. These readiness requirements support the wing’s mission to plan, lead, and conduct military rescue operations and missions to deny competitors and adversaries exploitation of isolated personnel.